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Horse- The symbol of power

There is an eternal bond between humans and Horses since decades. They own a respected place in many countries and domesticated from some 4,000 years ago. Only few of its breeds are domesticated while most of them are wild; found in almost every region. Usually they spend their time in groups of 3 to 20 animals. The gestation period is 11 months; 280 days are the minimum to produce a live newborn. The life span is generally between 30 to 35 years though it depends on the caretaker of horse. Some common diseases that horses can adapt are eczema and abscesses. Their skin is highly sensitive to parasites like mites, lice and ticks. Chronic asthma is another common disease for Horses if they are not fed properly.


Terminology for Horses that uses worldwide:
Newborn baby Horse: Foal
Female Horse younger than 3 years: Filly
Female Horse that is 3 years or older: Mare
Male Horse that is 3 years or younger: Colt
Adult Male Horse whose testicles have been removed: Gelding
Uncastrated Adult male Horse: Stallion
Fully grown small Horse: Pony


The Scientific name of Horse is Equus caballus and is a herbivorous mammal that hits the road belongs to family Equidae. Variety of this specie is known as breeds. This animal is generally used for travelling on its back since years.

Domestication: It is believed that domestication took place at nearly 6,000 years ago and is firstly used by a tribe of Indo-European for the purpose of travelling. A Horse can hardly influenced by climate, food availability and other factors. A strong and positive relationship between humans and Horses has been evidenced. Whether professional or non-professional Horse riders, they both comprised a long and unbreakable bond with Horses. They have been treating for breeding, meat production, milk or wool production. Equestrianism, oftenly known as riding or Horse riding is a skill of riding Horses. There are several purpose for which Horses are served fairly: working purposes, transportation, entertainment, cultural exercises, recreational activities and competitive sport.  Apart from all these uses, they are still using in farming or mount climbing.

Skeleton of a Horse:

Atlas: It is the first bone of neck
Cervical vertebrae: bones of the neck
Thoracic vertebrae: bones that form the dorsal part of the thoracic cage
Lumbar vertebrae: the bones of the lumbar region of the back
Sacrum: the set of sacral vertebrae
Caudal vertebrae: bones of the tail
Pelvis are set of bones to which are attached the rear legs
Femur: the thigh bone
Patella: bone that allows the flexibility of the thigh
Tibia: the leg bone
Calcaneus: bone that forms the hock tip around knee
Tarsus: bone that is forming the joint between tibia and metatarsus.
Metatarsus: hock bone
Phalanges: toe bones
Third phalange: the toe bone
Second phalange: middle toe bone.
First phalange: the toe bone closest to the metatarsus
Cannon bone: It resembles our wrist
Carpus: wrist bone
Radius: forearm bone
Sternum: bone forming the underside of the thoracic cage
Humerus: arm bone
Rib: bone of the thoracic cage
Scapula: shoulder bone
Mandible: lower jaw
: hard organ used to chew food
Orbital cavity: cavity of the skull which contains the eye
Skull: bony case of the skull

Nutrition for Horses:

The natural food for horses which they can feed easily upon is Grass. Moving towards stabled horses, their diet consist hay and grain. Oats are a great nutritional food and it can be given to older horses with excellent nutritional value. Chaff can be added with oats for those ones who cannot chew food properly. Salt, carrots, breads, sugar, corn potatoes, green leaves, beans can also be given to the animal, if necessary. In Iceland even fish is provided to them as a meal. Like humans, animals also not needed to get food immediately after a workout. Fresh water is obviously good for them but not right after a work session or overheated.

Known Breeds of Horses:

American Cream Draft, Andalusian, Appaloosa, Arabian horse, Bashkir Curly, Belgian horse, Canadian Horse, Clydesdale, Dales Pony, Dutch Draft, Dutch Warmblood, Exmoor pony ,Falabella, Fjord Horse, Friesian, Gypsy Vanner, HanoverianHolstein, Icelandic Horse, Irish Sport Horse, Java Pony, Jutland horse, Lipizzaner, Mongolian Horse, Morgan horse , Mustang,Noriker, Oldenburg horse, Paint Horse, Percheron ,Peruvian Paso,Quarter HorseRussian Don, Saddlebred, Shetland Pony, Spanish Mustang, Thoroughbred, Walkaloosa, Welsh Mountain Pony and Welsh Pony

5 facts about Horses:

  1. They can run shortly after birth and sleep in lying down and standing position as well.
  2. The most long-lived Horse is ‘Old Billy’ with life span of 65 years.
  3. They have bigger eyes compared to other mammals that lives on land.
  4. More than 300 horse breeds are known in the World.
  5. They are measured by hands instead of inches and feet.The tallest horse was a Shire horse with 21.2 hands high. A hand is equivalent to four inches.

Horse Facts

  • Colour : Black, White, Brown or mixed
  • Favourite Food : Apple slices, Carrots, and Hay cubes
  • Habitat : Domesticated or Tamed
  • Average Litter Size:15 to 16 hands but probably more around 15 hands
  • Main Prey : Zebras, Fish and Rabbits
  • Predators : humans, mountain lions, wolves, coyotes and even bears

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